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Hand Conditions

Synovitis (Joint Swelling)

Synovitis is an inflammation of the synovial membrane, the thin layer of tissue that lines the joints and tendon sheaths. It causes swelling, pain, stiffness, and loss of function in the affected joint. Synovitis can occur as a result of injury, overuse, arthritis, infection, or an autoimmune disorder. If left untreated, it can potentially lead to permanent joint damage.

Tendinitis (Tendon
Swelling and Irritation)

Tendinitis is an inflammation of a tendon, usually caused by overuse 
or repetitive stress to the tendon over time. It causes pain, swelling, and stiffness near joints and can make it difficult to use the affected body part. Treatments 
for tendinitis include rest, ice, anti-inflammatory medications, physical therapy exercises, braces, and sometimes surgery for chronic cases.

Carpal Tunnel Syndrome
(Median Nerve Entrapment)

Carpal tunnel syndrome is a condition where the median nerve, which runs from the forearm into the palm, becomes pressed or squeezed at the wrist. This nerve compression causes numbness, tingling, weakness, or muscle damage in the hand and fingers. Carpal tunnel syndrome can be caused by repetitive hand motions, pregnancy, diabetes, obesity, swelling, and wrist shape. It is treated with splints, physical therapy, medications, and surgery if symptoms are severe.


Osteoarthritis is a degenerative disease that causes pain, swelling, 
and stiffness in the joints. It develops when the cartilage that cushions the ends of bones gradually wears away, causing bone-on-bone rubbing. Risk factors for osteoarthritis include older age, obesity, injury, overuse 
of joints, and genetics.

Hand Rheumatoid Arthritis

Hand rheumatoid arthritis develops when the immune system attacks healthy cells in the hands and fingers, causing inflammation, discomfort, and pain. Different surgeries can be performed to address this condition based on the patient’s needs. Early treatment is crucial to preserve hand function.

Hand Tumors

Hand tumors are growths or lumps that form on the hand. While many hand tumors are benign (non-cancerous), others can be malignant (cancerous) growths, such as squamous cell carcinoma, and require medical treatment. Symptoms of hand tumors include a visible or palpable lump, pain, numbness or tingling, and reduced mobility of the fingers or hand.

Vascular Malformations

Vascular malformations in the hands are abnormalities in the blood vessels or capillaries that cause reddish spots or swollen, knotted veins that look like extra tissue under the skin. These vascular issues in the hands do not go away on their own. While mostly painless, they can bleed or throb, potentially interfering with hand function.