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Finger Conditions

Digital Nerve Injuries

Digital nerve injuries are traumatic injuries to the nerves in the fingers. These nerves allow for sensation in the fingertips. If injured, they can cause numbness, tingling, pain, or loss of feeling in the affected finger. Treatment options include splinting, steroid injections to reduce inflammation, and surgery to repair or graft the damaged nerve.

Phalangeal Fractures

Phalangeal fractures are breaks in the bones of the fingers, which are called the phalanges. These fractures can occur from trauma such as a fall or crush injury, and symptoms include pain, swelling, bruising, and inability to move the affected finger. Treatment depends on the type and location of the fracture but may involve splinting, buddy taping, casting, or surgery to realign and stabilize the broken bone.

Finger Masses
(Ganglion Cysts, Synovial Cysts, and Benign and Malignant Masses)

Finger Masses
(Ganglion Cysts, Synovial Cysts, and Benign and Malignant Masses)

Finger masses are abnormal tissue growths that develop on the fingers, including ganglion cysts (fluid-filled lumps), synovial cysts (masses filled with joint fluid), and benign (non-cancerous) or malignant (cancerous) solid masses. These finger masses can range from small, painless lumps to large growths that may impact range of motion and hand function. Treatment depends on the type of mass but may include observation, aspiration, injections, or surgical removal.

Ebbed Fingers

Ebbed fingers is a condition where the fingertips sporadically lose blood flow and sensation, becoming pale and cold before returning to normal. It is typically harmless but can indicate an underlying circulation problem or nerve damage. Episodes usually last under 10 minutes, involve multiple fingers, and may be triggered by cold temperatures or stress.

Jersey Finger

Jersey finger is an injury to the flexor tendon of a finger (usually the fourth one) that occurs when it gets bent backwards away from the palm. This tendon injury often happens when a person grabs another player’s jersey in football or rugby, overextending the finger. This condition requires prompt medical treatment, which usually involves immobilizing the finger and later undergoing physical therapy to regain full range of motion and strength.

Fused Fingers (Syndactyly)

Fused fingers is a condition where two or more fingers are joined together by skin and tissue. It happens when the tissue that normally separates developing fingers does not form properly during pregnancy. This disorder can involve any of the fingers and range from just the skin to the bones being fused together.

Mallet Finger

Mallet finger is an injury to the tendon that straightens the end joint of a finger or thumb. It is caused by a forceful bending of the tip of the finger that stretches or tears the tendon. With mallet finger, a person is unable to straighten the end joint of the affected finger on their own.

Trigger Finger

Stenosing tenosynovitis, or trigger finger, is a condition where a band of tissue holding the tendon to the finger bone becomes inflamed, causing stiffness and pain. Trigger finger release surgery involves making a small cut in the tissue over the tendon to allow it to move freely again without pain.

Swan Neck Deformity

Swan neck deformity is characterized by the bending of fingers backward at the middle joints and downward at the joints near the fingertips. It causes them to curve like the neck of a swan. This deformity can limit the motion and flexibility of the affected fingers.

Boutonniere Deformity

Boutonniere deformity is a condition in which the middle joint of a finger is bent downward while the end joint is bent backward. It is caused by an injury or inflammation of the extensor tendon over the middle joint, which allows the tendon to slide into the joint and get stuck. Over time, the affected tendon becomes scarred and tight, pulling the middle joint down and the end joint back.

Nail Injury or Deformity

Nail injuries or deformities can occur from trauma, infection, or disease. Common nail issues include fungal infections, fractures, hematomas, and detachment from the nail bed. Treatment depends on the type and severity of injury or deformity, ranging from topical medications to surgical procedures to remove or repair the damaged parts of the nail.

Work-Related Injuries to the
Hand and Wrist

Work-related injuries to the hand and wrist are common in jobs requiring repetitive motions, such as typing, assembly line work, and construction. These injuries include conditions like carpal tunnel syndrome, tendinitis, and trigger finger which cause pain, numbness, and reduced mobility in the hands and wrists.

Mangled Hand

A mangled hand refers to a severe hand injury where the tissues, including skin, muscle, tendons, blood vessels, and bones are badly damaged or crushed. This results in gross distortion or disfigurement of the overall shape and contour of the hand. Such injuries are usually extremely painful, with bleeding and compromised blood flow.

Hand Infection or
Non-Healing Wounds

Hand infections or non-healing wounds are often caused by bacteria entering breaks in the skin from injuries, bites, or existing skin conditions. Without proper treatment, the infection can spread to the tendons, joints, and bones in the hand, leading to serious complications. These types of conditions require prompt medical attention, such as cleaning the wound, antibiotics, and sometimes surgery to remove infected or dead tissue.